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This article was medically reviewed by Jason R. Short for tetrahydrocannabinol, THC is the component in marijuana responsible for the plant's psychoactive effects. When you feel "high" after using marijuana, that's because of THC. THC is a cannabinoid, a category of chemicals that interact with the body's endocannabinoid system. By attaching to cannabinoid receptors in the brain, THC activates neurons that influence pleasure, memory, thinking, coordination, and time perception. Some research and anecdotal evidence indicate THC may be used to treat a range of medical conditions.
And from a recreational standpoint, it can feel good, causing a sensation of euphoria and relaxation in some. Instead, it changes how those receptors react to THC. In the United States, cannabis is federally illegal. However, on the state level legality varies :. CBD from industrial hemp or cannabis with less than 0. THC will build up in your system over time, so how frequently you use THC determines how long it remains in your body.
In general, THC can be detected in infrequent users for one to three days after last use and 30 days or longer in chronic users. Your method of consumption plays a role, too: For example, your body takes longer to process the THC in an edible, meaning it will stay in your system longer than vaping or smoking. Infrequent Users. Chronic Users. Urine Test. Saliva Test. Hair Test. THC is used medicinally Thc what is it relieve symptoms of certain conditions. But, because cannabis is federally illegal in the United States, research on THC is ificantly limited.
Chronic pain relief Thc what is it the most common reason why people seek medical marijuana.
While clinical trials support the use of cannabis for chronic pain, researchers agree more studies are needed to determine what doses, forms, and combinations of cannabinoids are most therapeutic for chronic pain patients. Two oral THC-containing drugs — nabilone and dronabinol — have been available for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting for more than 30 years. A small study of chemo patients found those who took a THC-containing medicine in combination with standard treatment experienced stronger protection against nausea and vomiting than patients who received the standard treatment alone.
Studies suggest THC products can modestly reduce muscle Thc what is it, a common symptom experienced by people with Multiple Sclerosis MS and paraplegia. In fact, a large systematic review concluded that THC used Thc what is it combination with other cannabinoids improved self-reported muscle spasms more than a placebo, although the difference was not statistically ificant. Sleep disturbances are typical in people living with health problems like MS and chronic pain.
Studies in these groups show THC products can improve short-term sleep problems, reduce sleep disturbances, and decrease the time it takes to fall asleep. However, it's unclear whether the THC directly affects sleep quality or whether sleep is improved because chronic symptoms were reduced. THC is the active ingredient in marijuana responsible for making you feel high. Some studies indicate it can relieve chronic pain and other health problems. But, THC isn't all good — for some it can be addictiveand, while, you can't fatally overdose on THC, consuming too large of a dose could trigger uncomfortable side effectsincluding paranoia, anxietydry mouth, and nausea or vomiting.
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Lia Tabackman. Our stories are reviewed by medical professionals to ensure you get the most accurate and useful information about your health and wellness. For more information, visit our medical review board. THC is a cannabinoid that activates neurons responsible for pleasure, memory, and thinking. Potential health benefits of THC include managing pain and helping people sleep. Visit Insider's Health Reference library for more advice. Stay up to date with what you want to know. Understanding their health benefits and side effects. Was this article helpful for you?
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What is THC? Experts Weigh in on Benefits and Effects